Intro to NAN Food Strategy

Introduction and Background to Food Determination
ᓂᑕᒼ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐎᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑕᓇᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᓯᓭᐠ

Since 2009, NAN has been working to address the growing disparity between our communities and the rest of Canada in terms of access to affordable, nutritious food, and the direct impact on positive health outcomes. Diabetes, obesity, heart disease and other chronic diseases continue to rise to epidemic proportions in our territory. Consumption of foods high in fat, salt and sugar is a main contributor to the current public health crisis.
Forest and fresh water foods once provided everything the people required.  Traditional food remains an important source of many nutrients. When traditional foods are included in the diet, benefits are less calories and saturated fats, increased iron, zinc, Vitamin A and calcium as well as strengthened cultural identity and well-being.

ᒥᓂᑯᐠ 2009, ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᐣ ᐅᑐᒋᐊᓄᑭᑕᓇᐗ ᒋᑭᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᐃᐌ ᑲᐃᓯᓭᐠ ᐃᐃᒼ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᑕᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᒥᓯᐌ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐃᐃᐌ ᑐᑲᐣ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᑲᑌᐱᑎᐸᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ, ᑲᒥᓄᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ, ᒥᓇ ᐃᐃᒪ ᑲᐃᓯᓭᐠ ᒋᑭᐅᒋ ᒥᓄᓭᐗᐸᐣ ᒥᓄᔭᐎᓇᐣ᙮ ᔓᑲᐗᐱᓀᐎᐣ, ᐊᐣᒋᐳᐎᐣ, ᐅᑌᐦᐃ ᐃᓇᐱᓀᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᐊᑯᓯᐎᓇᐣ ᑭᔭᐸᐨ ᐱᒥ ᐅᒼᐱᐡᑲᒪᑲᓄᐣ ᐅᐅᒪ ᑲᐃᔑᑎᐯᑕᒪᐠ ᐊᐦᑭᐎᐣ᙮ ᑲᒥᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᐃᐡᐸᐗᐣ ᐃᐃᒪ ᐁᐱᒥᑌᐗᑭᐣ, ᐁᔑᐎᑕᑲᓂᐗᑭᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐁᔓᑲᐗᑭᐣ ᐃᐃᒪ ᑲᐅᒋᓯᓭᐠ ᓄᑭᒼ ᐊᑯᓯᐎᓇᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᒪᓯᓭᐠ᙮
ᓄᐱᒪᑲᒥᐠ ᒥᓇ ᓂᐱᑲᐣᐠ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᑲᐅᑎᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭ ᐃᓯᓭᐸᐣ ᑲᑭᓇ ᑫᑯᐣ ᑲᓇᑕᐌᑕᒧᐗᐨ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐗᐠ᙮ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᑭᔭᐸᐨ ᐃᓯᓭ ᐁᐅᑎᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑲᒥᓄᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ᙮ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᐁᑕᑯᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᐃᐌ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᓄᑯᒼ ᑲᐃᓇᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ, ᐃᐃᐌ ᐃᓯᓭ ᐁᑕᐸᓯᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᑲᒪᒋᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᐱᒥᑌᐣ, ᐃᐡᐱᓭ ᑲᒪᐡᑲᐎᓯᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ, ᑲᒥᓄᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᐠ A ᒥᓇ ᑲᒪᐡᑲᐎᓯᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᐅᑲᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐅᒋ ᒪᐡᑲᐎᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᐗᑎᓯᐎᐣ ᒥᓇ ᒥᓄᔭᐎᓇᐣ᙮

Historically, First Nations had their own food systems, relying on traditional knowledge of hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering. Access to these traditional foods, such as, fish, moose and berries are becoming harder to obtain due to key barriers such as limited availability, environmental contamination of species, lack of equipment and means to resourcing to purchase necessary supplies and fuel, lack of time to harvest and hunt, loss of traditional knowledge, greater distances to travel, and government restrictions that have disrupted traditional practices. Climate change is also a factor affecting the availability of traditional foods.
According to the First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study Ontario Regional Report-2014, funded by Health Canada, with researchers from the University of Northern British Colombia, the University of Ottawa, and the Universite de Montreal, “Household food insecurity ranged up to 52% in northern communities. The high price of food is a continuing factor to high food insecurity and the subsequent inability to eat a balanced meal. The cost of groceries per week for a family of four ranged from $175.00 in southern First Nations communities to $344 in northern First Nation communities. 32% of participants said they worried that their household traditional food supplies would run out before they could get more.”

ᐅᐌᑎ ᐅᑕᓇᐠ, ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐗᐠ ᐅᑭᔭᔭᓇᐗ ᑲᑭᐅᑎᓇᒧᐗᐨ ᐅᒥᒋᒥᐗ, ᐁᑭᐊᐯᓂᒧᐗᐨ ᐃᐃᐌ ᐅᑭᑫᑕᒪᐎᓂᐗ ᐃᐃᐌᓂ ᑲᐗᓂᐦᐃᑲᓂᐗᐠ, ᑲᑭᓄᔐᑲᓂᐗᐠ, ᑲᐗᓂᐦᐃᑲᓂᐗᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑲᑯᐗᑎᓂᑲᓂᐗᐠ᙮ ᐁᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐅᓄᐌᓂᐗᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ, ᑎᓄᑲᐣ, ᑭᓄᔐ, ᒧᐢ ᒥᓇ ᒥᓂᔕᐣ ᐊᓂᐊᐱᒋ ᓴᓇᑲᐣ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐃᐃᐌᑕᐡ ᑲᐅᒋᓯᓭᐠ ᑎᓄᑲᐣ ᐁᓂ ᐊᐗᒋᓇᑭᐣ ᐃᓂᐌᓂᐗᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ, ᐊᐦᑭᑲᐠ ᐁᐅᒋᓂᐳᒪᑲᑭᐣ, ᐁᓄᑌᓭᑭᐣ ᐊᐸᒋᒋᑲᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐁᓄᑌᓭᑭᐣ ᒋᑭᐅᑕᐱᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐊᐸᒋᒋᑲᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐱᒥᑌ, ᐁᑲ ᐁᑌᐱᓭᐠ ᑎᐸᐦᐃᑲᐣ ᒋᑭᓇᑕᐌᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ, ᐁᐗᓂᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᑭᑫᑕᒪᐎᓇᐣ, ᐅᓴᒼ ᐗᓴ ᐁᐃᔕᓂᐗᐠ, ᒥᓇ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᐣ ᓇᑲᐡᑭᑫᐎᓇᐣ ᐁᐗᓇᐱᒋᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᑐᑕᒧᐎᓇᐣ᙮ ᑲᓂᐊᐣᒋᓭᐠ ᐃᔑᑭᔑᑲᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐅᒋᓯᓭ ᐁᑲ ᐁᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ᙮
ᐃᐃᐌ ᑲᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ, ᐃᓇᒋᑫᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐊᐦᑭᐤ ᓇᑲᒋᒋᑫᐎᐣ ᐅᐣᑌᕒᐃᔪ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐎᐣ-2014, ᑲᑭᑎᐸᐦᐊᒧᐗᐨ ᒥᓄᔭᐎᐣ ᑲᓇᑕ, ᑲᑭᓇᓇᑲᒋᒋᑫᐗᐨ ᑲᑭᐅᒋᐗᐨ ᐃᐃᒪ ᑭᒋᑭᑭᓄᒪᑎᐎᑲᒥᐠ ᑭᐌᑎᓂᐠ ᐳᕒᐃᑎᐡ ᑯᓬᐊᒼᐱᔭ, ᑭᒋᑭᑭᓄᒪᑎᐎᑲᒥᐠ ᐊᑕᐗ, ᒥᓇ ᑭᒋᑭᑭᓄᒪᑎᐎᑲᒥᐠ ᒪᐣᑎᕒᔭᓬ, “ᐗᑲᐦᐃᑲᓇᐣ ᑎᐯᒋᑫᐎᐣ ᑲᓄᑌᓭᐗᐨ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᑭᐃᓇᑭᒋᑲᓂᐗᐣ ᐊᑯᓇᐠ 52% ᐅᐌᑎ ᑭᐌᑎᓄᐠ ᑕᐎᓇᐣ᙮ ᑲᐃᐡᐸᑭᑌᑭᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᒥᐃᒪ ᐌᒋᓭᐠ ᑲᐃᐡᐱᓭᐗᐨ ᑲᓄᑌᓭᐗᐨ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐃᓯᓭᐗᐨ ᐁᑲ ᑾᔭᐠ ᐁᑭᐎᓯᓂᐗᐨ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᑲᒥᓋᔑᑭᐣ᙮ ᑲᐃᓇᑭᑌᑭᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᐯᔑᑯᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲ ᑲᐃᔑᑎᐯᒋᑫᐗᐨ ᓂᐎᐣ ᔭᐎᔭᐠ ᑭ ᐃᓇᑭᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ $175᙮00 ᔕᐗᓄᐠ ᑲᔭᑌᑭᐣ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᐊᐱᐨ $344 ᐃᐌᑎᓀᑫ ᑭᐌᑎᓄᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᑕᐎᓇᐣ᙮ 32% ᑲᑭᑕᑶᐗᐨ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐗᐠ ᐁᑭᒥᔕᒣᑕᒧᐗᐨ ᐁᑲ ᒋᑌᐱᓭᐗᐨ ᑲᐃᔑᑎᐯᒋᑫᐗᐨ ᐃᓂᐌᓂᐗᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᒋᒐᑭᓭᐗᐨ ᐊᐱ ᒥᓇᐗ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓇᒧᐗᐨ᙮”

In the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food: Mission to Canada and subsequent report December 2011 stated the food insecurity in northern First Nation communities was as high as 75%.
“Ways forward must be based on mutual respect and understanding, and Indigenous Peoples must speak for themselves. The challenges include addressing the critical state of food, land and sovereignty on a larger scale. Indigenous food sovereignty will be realized when the conditions of unsustainable over-exploitation that are damaging Indigenous communities are recognized as human rights issues and dealt with accordingly.”

ᐃᐃᒪ ᒥᓇ ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᓇᐣ ᑲᑭᓇᓇᑲᒋᒋᑫᐨ ᐃᐃᐌᓂ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ: ᐁᓇᑲᒋᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ ᐃᐃᒪ ᑲᓇᑕ ᒥᓇ ᐃᐃᐌ ᑯᑕᐠ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐎᐣ ᑎᓭᒼᐳᕒ 2011 ᑭᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐣ ᑲᓄᑌᓭᐗᐨ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᐃᐌᑎᓀᑫ ᑭᐌᑎᓄᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᑕᐎᓇᐣ ᐁᐊᐱᒋᐡᐱᓭᐠ ᐊᑯᓇᐠ 75%᙮
“ᓇᑲᒋᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐅᐅᐌᑎᓀᑫ ᓂᑲᐣ ᒋᑭᓇᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ ᒋᑭᒋᓀᓂᒥᑎᓇᓂᐗᐠ ᒥᓇ ᓂᓯᑐᑕᑎᐎᓇᐣ, ᒥᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐗᐠ ᒋᑭ ᐊᔭᒥᐦᐁᑕᒪᓱᐗᐨ᙮ ᑲᓇᑲᐡᑭᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᐅᓄᐌᓂᐗᐣ ᑕᑯᓂᑲᑌᐗᐣ ᒋᑭᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᓄᑌᓭᐠ ᐃᓯᓭᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᒋᒼ ᐅᐣᒋ, ᐊᐦᑭᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑎᐯᓂᒥᑎᓱᐎᓇᐣ ᒋᑭ ᑭᒋᓇᑲᒋᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ᙮ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᒋᒼ ᑎᐯᓂᒥᑎᓱᐎᓇᐣ ᑕᑭᓂᓯᑕᐎᓂᑲᑌᐗᐣ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᐃᐃᐌ ᑲᐃᔑᓇᑾᑭᐣ ᐁᑲ ᑲᐯ ᑲᑲᒪᓇᒋᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐁᓂᔑᐗᓇᒋᒋᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᑕᐎᓇᐣ ᒋᑭᓂᓯᑕᐎᓂᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐃᐃᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐤ ᒥᓂᑯᐎᓇᐣ ᐃᓯᓭᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᒋᔑᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᒪᒪᐤ᙮”