What is Food Security?
ᐁᑯᓀᐣ ᐃᐃᐌ ᒥᒋᒼ ᑌᐱᓭᐎᐣ?
The final report of the 1996 World Food Summit states that food security “exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.”
Household food security exists when all members, at all times, have access to enough food for an active, healthy life. Individuals who are food secure do not live in hunger or fear of starvation. Food insecurity, on the other hand, is a situation of “limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable way.”
NAN continues to find ways to address the complex issues of food insecurity and the significant implications for health and wellness. There is no single way to “solve” food security issues in the North and a range of holistic community led approaches and multi-sectorial solutions is required.
In 2011, NAN Chiefs in Assembly endorsed the NAN Food Strategy focusing on 6 key pillars to reclaim our right to food self-determination in NAN territory.
This booklet outlines the food strategy as well as highlighting the successes and growing momentum to creative food systems that are respectful, dignified and responsive to individual’s right to the best food possible.
ᒪᒋᐨ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐎᐣ ᐃᐃᐌ ᒣᑾᐨ 1996 ᒥᓯᑌᑲᒥᐠ ᒥᒋᒼ ᒪᐗᒋᐦᐃᑎᐎᐣ ᑭ ᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐣ ᐃᐃᐌ ᒥᒋᒼ ᑌᐱᓭᐎᐣ “ᐁᓇᑯᐠ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᑲᑭᓇ ᔭᐎᔭᐠ, ᑲᐯᐦᐃ, ᐁᔭᔭᐗᐨ ᐎᔭᐎᐠ ᒥᓇ ᔓᓂᔭᐎᐣ ᐁᑌᐱᓇᒪᓱᐗᐨ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓭᐠ, ᐁᒪᓇᒋᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᒥᓄᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓇᒪᓱᐗᐨ ᐃᓇᒋᑫᐎᓇᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᓇᑕᐌᑕᒧᐗᐨ ᒥᓇ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᓇᑕᐌᑕᒪᐎᓇᐣ ᒋᑭᐅᒋ ᑐᑐᑭᐗᐨ ᒥᓇ ᒋᒥᓄᔭᐗ ᐅᐱᒪᑎᓯᐎᓂᐗ᙮”
ᐗᑲᐦᐃᑲᓂ ᑎᐯᒋᑫᐎᐣ ᒥᒋᒼ ᑌᐱᓭᐎᐣ ᐃᓯᓭ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᑲᑭᓇ ᑎᐯᓂᒪᑲᓇᐠ, ᑲᐯᐦᐃ, ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓇᒧᐗᒋᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᐃᐃᐌ ᒋᑭᑐᑐᑭᐗᐨ, ᒋᒥᓄᔭᐗᐨ ᐅᐱᒪᑎᓯᐎᓂᐗ᙮ ᑲᐃᔑᐯᔑᑯᐗᐨ ᔭᐎᔭ ᑲᑌᐱᓭᐗᐨ ᒥᒋᒥᓂ ᑲᐎᐣ ᑭᐸᐗᓂᓯᐗᐠ ᑲᔦᐊᒼ ᒋᓂᓂᑌᑕᒧᐗᐨ ᒋᐸᐗᓂᐗᐨ᙮ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᑲᑲᑌᐱᓴᓂᐗᐠ, ᒥᓇ ᐁᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑲᑌᐠ, ᐃᐃᐌ ᐁᐃᓯᓭᐠ “ᐁᑲ ᐁᑌᐱᓭᐠ ᑲᔦᒪ ᐁᑲ ᐁᑭᑫᑕᑯᐠ ᒋᑭᐅᑕᑌᑭᐣ ᐃᓂᐌᓂᐗᐣ ᑲᒥᓄᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓭᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᒥᓄᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᑲᔦᒪ ᐁᑲ ᐁᑌᐱᓭᑭᐣ ᑲᔦᒪ ᐁᑲᑭᑫᑕᑯᐠ ᒋᑭᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᒋᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᑲᒥᓋᔑᑭᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᐃᐃᒪ ᑲᐃᔑᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᓯᓭᐎᓇᐣ᙮”
ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᐣ ᐅᐱᒥᐊᓄᑭᑕᓇᐗ ᒋᒥᑭᑲᑌᐠ ᑫᐃᔑ ᑲᓄᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᐃᐌ ᑲᐃᔑᓴᓇᑭᓭᐠ ᒥᒋᒼ ᓄᑌᓭᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐃᔑᐗᐸᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᐊᑯᓯᐎᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᒥᓄᔭᐎᓂᐠ᙮ ᑲᐎᐣ ᐯᔑᑯᓯᓄᐣ “ᒋᒥᓄᒋᑲᑌᐠ” ᒥᒋᒼ ᑌᐱᓭᐎᐣ ᐃᓯᓭᐎᓇᐣ ᑭᐌᑎᓄᐠ ᒥᓇ ᒪᒪᐤ ᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑫᐎᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᑫᑕᒪᐎᓇᐣ ᓇᑕᐌᑕᑯᓄᐣ᙮
ᒣᑾᐨ 2011, ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᐣ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᐅᑭᐎᒋᑲᐸᐎᑕᓇᐗ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᐣ ᒥᒋᒼ ᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑫᐎᐣ ᐁᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑯᑖᓯ ᓇᑲᒋᒋᑫᐎᓇᐣ ᒋᑭᑭᐌᐅᓇᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ ᒥᒋᒼ ᑎᐯᓂᒥᑎᓱᐎᐣ ᐅᐅᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᐎᓂᐠ ᐊᐦᑭᑲᐠ᙮
ᐅᐅᐌ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᓀᐢ ᐎᒋᑫᒪᑲᐣ ᐃᐃᐌ ᒥᒋᒼ ᑲᓇᐗᐸᒋᑫᐎᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐁ ᐎᒋᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᑲᐃᔑᑲᐡᑭᐦᐅᓇᓂᐗᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐱᒪᓄᑭᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ ᑲᐃᓇᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ ᐁᑭᒋᓀᒋᑲᓂᐗᐠ, ᐁᑭᒋᓀᒋᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐁᓇᑴᒋᑫᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᐯᔑᑯᐨ ᔭᐎᔭ ᐅᒥᓂᑯᐎᐣ ᒋᑭᑌᐱᓇᒪᓱᐨ ᑲᒥᓋᔑᓂᓂᐠ ᒥᒋᒪᐣ᙮
Low Food Insecurity
Household food insecure without hunger: Household members are concerned about the foods they can afford, so they adjust household food management, including purchasing less expensive (usually lower-nutrient) foods. Children are largely unaffected.
Medium Food insecurity
Household food insecure with adult hunger: Adults in the household often reduce the quantity of their food intake, causing them to repeatedly experience hunger. Children are not generally hungry because adults shield them from the effects of food insecurity, but their diets tend to be extremely poor in nutrients.
Severe Food insecurity
Household food insecure with child hunger: In addition to hunger that caretakers experience, they are forced to reduce household children’s food intake to such an extent that the children experience hunger. Lack of nutrition is severe.